Nomura Holdings, Inc. provides financial services in Japan and internationally. The company operates through three divisions: Retail, Asset Management, and Wholesale. The Retail division provides investment consultation services; and offers various financial instruments, such as stocks, debt securities, investment trusts, and variable annuity insurance products primarily to individuals and corporations for the short, medium, and long term. As of March 31, 2012, this division operated a network of approximately 178 branches, including its head office. The Asset Management division is involved in the development and management of investment trusts ranging from low risk/low return products to high risk/high return products; and provides investment advisory services to public pensions, private pensions, governments and their agencies, central banks, and institutional investors. The Wholesale division engages in the sale and trading of financial products, including fixed income-related products and equity-related products. It also engages in underwriting a range of securities and other financial instruments, which include various types of stocks, convertible and exchangeable securities, investment grade debt, sovereign and emerging market debt, high yield debt, structured securities, and other securities; arranges private placements and engages in other capital raising activities; provides financial advisory services on business transactions, including mergers and acquisitions, divestitures, spin-offs, capital structuring, corporate defense activities, leveraged buyouts, and risk solutions; and operates private equity investment business. The company was formerly known as The Nomura Securities Co., Ltd. and changed its name to Nomura Holdings, Inc. in October 2001. Nomura Holdings, Inc. was founded in 1925 and is headquartered in Tokyo, Japan.