Telefónica, S.A. provides fixed and mobile telephony services primarily in Spain, Latin America, and rest of Europe. It offers various mobile and related services and products that consist of mobile voice services, value added services, mobile data and Internet services, wholesale services, corporate services, roaming, fixed wireless, and trunking and paging services. The company’s fixed telecommunication services include PSTN lines; ISDN accesses; public telephone services; local, domestic, and international long distance and fixed-to-mobile communications services; corporate communications services; video telephony; supplementary and business-oriented value-added services; intelligent network services; leasing and sale of handset equipment; and telephony information services. Its Internet and broadband multimedia services comprise Internet service provider service; portal and network services; retail and wholesale broadband access; naked ADSL; narrowband switched access to Internet; residential-oriented value-added services; television services, such as IPTV, cable television, and satellite television; companies-oriented value-added services; and Fiber to the Home, a service for high speed Internet access and digital video recording. The company’s data and business-solutions services principally include leased lines; virtual private network services; fiber optics services; the provision of hosting and application; outsourcing and consultancy services; desktop services; and system integration and professional services. Its wholesale services for telecommunication operators principally comprise domestic interconnection services; international wholesale services; leased lines for other operators’ network deployment; local loop leasing under the unbundled local loop regulation framework; and bit stream services, bit stream naked, wholesale line rental accesses, and leased ducts. Telefónica, S.A. was founded in 1924 and is headquartered in Madrid, Spain.