Alcatel-Lucent provides Internet protocol (IP) and cloud networking, and ultra- broadband access worldwide. The company’s Core Networking segment offers IP routing, carrier Ethernet, network functions virtualization, and software defined networking applications and infrastructure to meet the challenges of network traffic growth while supporting the delivery of cloud-enabled business, mobile, and residential services for service providers, mobile network operators, cable/multiple system operators, transportation, utilities, and large-scale enterprises. It also provides optical networking equipment to transport information over fiber optic connections over long distances on land or under sea and for short distances in metropolitan and regional areas, as well as for traffic aggregation of fixed and mobile multi-service networks. In addition, this segment offers microwave transmission systems for mobile backhaul, fixed broadband access, and private applications; and systems hardware, and software platforms and applications for communications service providers, enterprises, and Webscale companies. Its Access segment offers wireless products and services that enable mobile network operators to offer mobile data capacity; small cells to enhance wireless network coverage; cable, antenna, tower systems, and their related electronic components; and fixed access products, which enable service providers to offer ultra-broadband connectivity over digital subscriber lines and fiber connections. This segment also provides licensing services; and build-operate-manage-transfer solutions, operations transformation solutions, and network operations services. The company’s Other segment offers networking, satellite communications, voice-over-IP, optical routers, and other solutions for the United States national security, defense, and advanced research communities. Alcatel-Lucent was founded in 1898 and is headquartered in Boulogne-Billancourt, France. As of February 3, 2016, Alcatel-Lucent operates as a subsidiary of Nokia Corporation.