CAE Inc., together with its subsidiaries, designs, manufactures, and supplies simulation equipment worldwide. The company operates in three segments: Civil Aviation Training Solutions, Defence and Security, and Healthcare. The Civil Aviation Training Solutions segment provides training solutions for flight, cabin, maintenance, and ground personnel in commercial, business, and helicopter aviation; and a range of ab initio pilot training and crew sourcing services, as well as curriculum development, courseware solutions, and consulting services. It also develops civil flight simulation equipment, including full-flight simulators, integrated procedures trainers, flight training devices, and training tools, such as software, courses, and training aids. This segment serves aircraft manufacturers, commercial airlines, regional airlines, business aircraft operators, civil helicopter operators, third-party training centers, flight training organizations, maintenance repair and overhaul organizations, and aircraft finance leasing companies. The Defence and Security segment offers integrated virtual flight training solutions; simulation products and training systems; training support services comprising contractor logistics support, maintenance services, classroom instruction, and simulator training; and modeling and simulation-based professional services consisting of systems engineering and lifecycle management. This segment serves defense forces, original equipment manufacturers (OEMs), land and naval forces, and government and civil security organizations. The Healthcare segment provides simulators, simulation center management solutions, and courseware for hospital and university simulation centers, medical and nursing schools, paramedic organizations, defense forces, medical societies, and OEMs. The company was formerly known as CAE Industries Ltd. and changed its name to CAE Inc. in June 1993. CAE Inc. was founded in 1947 and is headquartered in Saint-Laurent, Canada.