Eni SpA engages in the oil and gas, electricity generation and sale, petrochemicals, oilfield services construction, and engineering industries. The company is involved in the oil and natural gas exploration, and field development and production activities, as well as liquefied natural gas (LNG) operations in 40 countries, including Italy, Libya, Egypt, Norway, the United Kingdom, Angola, Congo, Nigeria, the United States, Kazakhstan, Russia, Algeria, Australia, Venezuela, Iraq, Ghana, and Mozambique. It also supplies, trades, and markets gas, LNG, and electricity; transports international gas; supplies crude oil; and refines and markets petroleum products at retail and wholesale markets primarily in Italy and rest of Europe. In addition, the company engages in the generation of electricity; commodity risk management and asset-backed trading activities; and production of various chemicals, including olefins and aromatics, basic intermediate products, polyethylene, polystyrenes, and elastomers in Italy and Western Europe. Further, it provides a range of engineering, drilling, and construction services to the oil and gas industry, and downstream refining and petrochemical sectors, primarily in the field of EPC contracts offshore and onshore for the construction and installation of fixed platforms, sub-sea pipe laying and floating production systems, and onshore industrial complexes. Eni SpA was founded in 1953 and is headquartered in Rome, Italy.