Intuitive Surgical, Inc. designs, manufactures, and markets da Vinci surgical systems, and related instruments and accessories. Its da Vinci Surgical System translates a surgeonís natural hand movements, which are performed on instrument controls at a console into corresponding micro-movements of instruments positioned inside the patient through small incisions or ports. The companyís da Vinci surgical system include surgeonís consoles, patient-side carts, 3-D vision systems, da Vinci skills simulators, and Firefly fluorescence imaging products that enable surgeons to perform various surgical procedures, including gynecologic, urologic, general, cardiothoracic, and head and neck surgical procedures. The company also manufactures EndoWrist instruments that include forceps, scissors, electrocautery, scalpels, and other surgical tools, which incorporate wrist joints for natural dexterity for various surgical procedures. In addition, it offers da Vinci single-site instruments and accessories that allow da Vinci Si surgical systems to work through a single incision; and EndoWrist One vessel sealer that are wristed single-use instruments intended for bipolar coagulation and mechanical transection of vessels up to 7 mm in diameter and tissue bundles that fit in the jaws of the instrument. Further, the company provides EndoWrist stapler 45 instruments, a wristed stapling instrument intended for resection, transection, and/or creation of anastomoses in general, gynecologic, and urologic surgery, as well as sells various accessory products, including replacement 3-D stereo endoscopes, camera heads, light guides, and other items that facilitate use of the system, as well as sterile drapes for ensuring a sterile field during surgery. It markets its products directly and through distributors in the United States, Europe, and Asia. Intuitive Surgical, Inc. was founded in 1995 and is headquartered in Sunnyvale, California.