Kronos Worldwide, Inc. engages in the production and marketing of titanium dioxide pigments under the Kronos brand name primarily in North America and Europe. It produces titanium dioxide pigments in two crystalline forms, rutile and anatase to impart whiteness, brightness, opacity, and durability for products, such as coatings, plastics, papers fibers, and ceramics, as well as for various specialty products, including inks, food, and cosmetics. The company also offers ilmenite, a raw material used directly as a feedstock by sulfate-process titanium dioxide pigment plants; iron-based chemicals, which are co-products and processed co-products of the titanium dioxide pigment production process and used as treatment and conditioning agents for industrial effluents and municipal wastewater, as well as in the manufacture of iron pigments, cement, and agricultural products; and titanium oxychloride and titanyl sulfate, which are side-stream products from the production of titanium dioxide pigments. Its titanium oxychloride is used in the formulation of pearlescent pigments and production of electroceramic capacitors for cell phones and other electronic devices; and titanyl sulfate is used in pearlescent pigments, natural gas pipe, and other specialty applications. In addition, the company provides technical services. Kronos Worldwide, Inc. sells its products through distributors and agents to paint, plastics, decorative laminate, and paper manufacturers. The company was founded in 1989 and is headquartered in Dallas, Texas. Kronos Worldwide, Inc. is a subsidiary of Valhi, Inc.