Loral Space & Communications Inc. operates as a satellite communications company. The company’s Satellite Manufacturing segment designs and manufactures satellites, space systems, and components used for fixed satellite services, direct-to-home (DTH) broadcasting, mobile satellite services, broadband data distribution, wireless telephony, digital radio, digital mobile broadcasting, military communications, weather monitoring, and air traffic management applications in commercial and government sectors. Loral Space & Communications Inc.’s Satellite Services segment provides broadcast, enterprise, and consulting services. This segment owns and leases a satellite fleet that provides high-bandwidth services to broadcasters, cable networks, and DTH service providers. It also offers satellite transmission services for the broadcast of news, sports, and live events coverage enabling broadcasters to conduct on-the-scene transmissions. In addition, this segment operates very small aperture terminal (VSAT) networks in North America, and manages various VSAT terminals at customer sites, as well as provides the installation and maintenance of the end user terminal, the VSAT hub, and satellite capacity services. Further, it offers Internet protocol-based terrestrial extension services; Ka-band two-way broadband Internet services; satellite capacity and end-to-end services for data and voice transmission to telecommunications carriers; fixed satellite services to the United States and Canadian governments; and satellite consulting services. The company also owns and operates an X-band satellite, which provides X-band communications services to government users. As of December 31, 2011, it had 12 in-orbit satellites and 2 satellites under construction. The company operates in the United States, Canada, Europe, the Middle East, Africa, Asia, Australia, Latin America, and Caribbean. Loral Space & Communications Inc. was founded in 1996 and is headquartered in New York, New York.