Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc. provides analytical instruments, equipment, reagents and consumables, software, and services for research, manufacturing, analysis, discovery, and diagnostics worldwide. The company’s Life Sciences Solutions segment offers reagents, instruments, and consumables used in biological and medical research, discovery, and production of new drugs and vaccines, as well as diagnosis of diseases. This segment serves pharmaceutical, biotechnology, agricultural, clinical, academic, and government markets. Its Analytical Instruments segment provides instruments, consumables, software, and services for applications in the laboratory, on the production line, and in the field. It serves pharmaceutical, biotechnology, academic, government, environmental, and other research and industrial markets, as well as the clinical laboratory. The company’s Specialty Diagnostics segment offers liquid, ready-to-use and lyophilized immunodiagnostic reagent kits, calibrators, controls, and calibration verification fluids; blood-test systems to support the clinical diagnosis and monitoring of allergy, asthma, and autoimmune diseases; dehydrated and prepared culture media, collection and transport systems, instrumentation, and consumables; products for cancer diagnosis and medical research in histology, cytology, and hematology; and human leukocyte antigen typing and testing for the organ transplant market. This segment serves healthcare, clinical, pharmaceutical, industrial, and food safety laboratory customers. Its Laboratory Products and Services segment offers sample preparation and preservation equipment, cold storage equipment, centrifugation products, biological safety cabinets, temperature control products, water analysis instruments, and other laboratory equipment, as well as laboratory consumables, research and safety market solutions, and biopharma services. Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc. was founded in 1956 and is headquartered in Waltham, Massachusetts.